Leadership, Education & Training, 1-4

Lieutenant Colonel Ricky Kyles, Senior Army Instructor

Sergeant First Class Timothy Scott, Army Instructor


The Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps (JROTC) Program at Memorial High School is an elective course offering leadership education and physical training to high school students through four academic years, 9th through 12th grade. The JROTC program prepares high school cadets for responsible leadership roles while making them aware of their rights, responsibilities and privileges of American citizenship. The program is a stimulus for promoting graduation from high school and it provides instruction and rewarding opportunities which will benefit the cadet, the community and the nation. Although the JROTC program is sponsored by the US Army, students are not "in the army" and incur no obligation with any branch of service. The JROTC program is one of the Army's contributions to assisting America's youth in becoming better citizens. The program produces successful students and productive adults, while fostering in each school a more constructive and disciplined learning environment. The program makes substantial contributions to many communities and ultimately to the nation's future. It is the centerpiece of the Department of Defense's commitment to America's Promise for Youth through its emphasis on community service and teen anti-drug efforts.

The mission of Army JROTC program is to "Motivate Young People to be Better Citizens." To accomplish this mission, the program of instruction provides education in citizenship, leadership, life success, geography and wellness to help cadets succeed in high school and after graduation.

The JROTC course curricula are very diverse and permits a broad range of classroom and extra-curricular activities. It is progressive in nature with increasing intensity as cadets move from one Leadership, Education and Training (LET) level to another. Satisfactory completion of the program can lead to advanced placement credit in the Senior ROTC program or advanced rank in the Armed Forces.


  • To appreciate the ethical values and principles of good citizenship
  • To develop leadership potential, while living and working cooperatively with others
  • To be able to think logically and to communicate effectively with others.
  • To appreciate the importance of physical fitness in maintaining good health
  • To understand the importance of high school graduation for a successful future and learn about college and employment opportunities
  • To develop mental management abilities
  • To become familiar with military history and America's cultural values.
  • To understand the history, purpose, and structure of the military services
  • To develop the skills necessary to work effectively as a member of a team


  • Applied Leadership: Perfect cadet leadership skills through functioning in the Memorial Battalion Cadet Chain of Command, the use of Army Drill and Ceremonies and Army Physical Fitness training to define leadership.
  • American Citizenship: Requires cadets understand the evolution of US citizenship and the freedoms stated in the Bill of Rights; the history, purpose, ranks, organizational structure and awards of the Army JROTC program; and the traditions, customs and courtesies of the military. Cadets must demonstrate respect to the US Flag and the National Anthem. Cadets will learn the importance of civilian and military career planning and of goal setting and time management.
  • Techniques of Communication: Requires cadets understand and demonstrate the seven communication skills. Students develop the ability to apply proper note taking, study habits, test-taking techniques and oral presentation skills.
  • LeadershipTheory: Cadets learn the importance that leadership traits, leadership principles and leadership styles have on effective leadership; the significance of individual responsibility, self-reliance and teamwork.
  • Cadet Challenge :Is designed to develop an appreciation for the importance of diet and physical fitness in maintaining good health and appearance. Cadets perform satisfactorily at their age group level in the President's Physical Fitness Program by striving to complete each of the five events at the 85 percentile.
  • Leadership Lab: Cadets must demonstrate a knowledge of the history and reasons for drill, the roles of drill participants and the leadership skills of drill leaders. Cadets demonstrate proficiency in the proper wear of the JROTC uniform, decorations and insignia and must master all individual, squad and platoon drill movements.
  • First Aid and Wellness: Requires cadets demonstrate proficiency in the four life saving measures, good nutrition, weight control and the design of an effective physical exercise program.
  • Substance Abuse Prevention Program: Cadets develop a knowledge of the detriments of substance, alcohol, and tobacco abuse and the side effects of drug dependency upon productive life styles and career potentials.
  • Geography and Earth Science: Cadets learn the historical, cultural and economic significance of geography and the physical attributes of our physical environment. Cadets are also introduced to basic map reading skill through marginal information, map symbols and map colors on non-topographic and topographic maps. Students must demonstrate proficiency in map orientation, determination of four and six digit grid coordinates.
  • Citizenship through American History: Cadets will cite examples of social/cultural aspects of the Revolutionary period; the issues that caused the Civil War; the reasons the US entered both world wars; the Korean, Vietnam, Grenada and Desert Storm conflicts; and the effects that events such as the Cold War, the US space program and conflicts with communists/terrorist countries have had on American culture.
  • Technology Awareness: Cadets display an understanding of present-day technology; how technology affects society; laws relating to privacy. Students will learn to recognize/use components of computers and a sampling of applications of computer technology in business, education, the arts, military and entertainment/leisure activities.
  • Financial Planning, Goal Setting and Decision Making: Is designed to provide a foundation for personal financial development through learning about the essentials of money management, credit, financial goal setting, budgeting, and informed consumer consumption. Portions of the National Endowment for Financial Education curricula are used for this instruction.
  • Command and Staff Procedures: Require cadets participate as senior managers and planners of the cadet Battalion through serving in functional command or staff positions. Cadets continually demonstrate communication skills, problem-solving/decision making process, planning process and the techniques of supervision while performing the assigned command or staff function. Cadets demonstrate their abilities to perform staff briefings and to prepare staff reports as required.
  • Extracurricular Activities: Are available to all members of the JROTC Memorial Battalion in good academic and disciplinary standing. (C Average must be maintained in both JROTC and all other courses for participation). JROTC extracurricular activities include Drill Teams, Honor Guard, Color Guard and a Raider/Adventure Team.



Enrollment in JROTC is governed by Department of the Army Regulations, Memorial Army JROTC Standard Operating Procedure (SOP), and Memorial High School rules and policy.

Students must be of good moral character and a full-time high school student in grades 9-12 to be enrolled in JROTC. Students having a record of conviction by a Civil Court, other than minor traffic violations, or serving any type of probation, are not eligible for enrollment in the program.
Students must be either US citizens or resident aliens to participate. Students must be in good physical health and condition and must be able to be fitted in standard size military uniforms. Students must be able to fully participate in vigorous physical training/activities without endangering their health or the health of other cadets. Students must demonstrate an aptitude for leadership training and maintain acceptable standards of achievement, conduct and attendance to continue enrollment in the JROTC program.

Students who fail a JROTC LET level course are no longer eligible to participate in the program.Students previously enrolled in JROTC having demonstrated significant adjustment, motivational, moral or disciplinary issues will not be re-enrolled.

The JROTC program is conducted in a military manner. Cadets are organized into units (squads, platoons, and companies) and must follow directions from both the military instructors and their cadet leaders. Students are assigned to demanding leadership positions where they are expected to develop strong judgment and responsibility. Cadets must demonstrate that they are good followers before they will be chosen to be leaders. Self-control, discipline, and cooperation are central to advancement in JROTC. Students who engage in incidents of indiscipline, dishonesty, disrespect or violence will be removed from the program for cause. Additionally, students assigned to In School Suspension more than three times or Out of School Suspension will be reviewed immediately for continuation in JROTC.


All JROTC cadets must actively participate in JROTC Physical Training, normal classroom activities and leadership laboratory. JROTC cadets are required to do strenuous, complicated activities (e.g. physical training, drill and ceremonies, Cadet Challenge PT Test) and must maintain a high degree of physical fitness. Since JROTC course credit satisfies Memorial High School graduation requirements for Physical Education, all cadets must actively participate in JROTC physical training unless presenting a temporary excuse from a physician. Additionally, all cadets must perform satisfactorily on an annual Cadet Challenge Physical Training Test.

On designated Uniform Days, cadets will wear the prescribed uniform the entire day, including traveling to and from school except when individually excused by a military instructor. Proper uniform wear is a very important, graded part of JROTC participation. Students who fail to actively participate in this requirement cannot be expected to pass.

ALL cadets must complete eight graded mandatory events to pass each LET course:

  • JROTC parades
  • Annual Military Ball
  • Annual Award Ceremony
  • One school/community service project
  • Satisfactory Score on the JROTC Cadet Challenge Physical Training Test
  • Participation in JROTC Fundraiser(s)


JROTC students will attend all required JROTC classes, leadership laboratories, formations and functions, unless specifically excused by one of the military instructors. Cadets will be punctual in reporting to class. All cadets will bring required materials to support active engagement in the learning process (notebooks, paper, pens, pencils, completed assignments). All cadets will have a designated JROTC notebook which will be used to record class notes daily. Various cadets will be designated as Class Leaders and assistants for each class. They will represent the constituted authority of the military instructor in dealing with other class members and maintaining control of the class.

LET 1 (First Year Cadet) Additional Classroom Requirements:

In order to ensure commonality, with other school wide ninth grade classes LET 1 classes will abide by the following classroom practices/procedures.

Review Sheets-Instructors will provide a review sheet to cadets before major assessments. Review sheets will be used as guides in preparing for Semester and End of Course Exams

Complete Sentences-All Cadets will be required to write in complete sentences in all assignments, including major and minor grades

Assignment Submissions-Every major and minor assignment, including class work will be labeled consistently with: Student Name, Teacher Name, and Date of Submission

Structure of Class: In addition to the formal structure and regimen provide by JROTC instruction, all classes will begin with a "Start Up" in order to activate students' prior knowledge and will end with a "Wrap Up" (close lesson, give students time to write homework and upcoming assignments in their agendas or other organizational tools, and/or provide time for students to start homework).

Daily Posting-A daily agenda, announcements (upcoming due dates and/or school events) and course standards will be posted in the classroom.

Late Work Policy-No late homework/minor grades will be accepted in JROTC classes. All major graded work will be accepted up to ten days after due dates. Ten points will be deducted each school day that a major work/requirement is late.

Corrections Policy-Students can make corrections to all major grades within ten days of due dates. Deficient students must remediate work according to the guidance of the JROTC Instructor. Students will receive half credit on all corrected items. Students failing major tests may be permitted to retest at the option of the JROTC Instructor.


Cadets will present themselves for instruction in a highly motivated, organized and cooperative manner each day. Each student will possess all resource materials to fully participate in instruction. Cadets will take notes during each class. Cadets will actively participate in the learning process by being awake and conscious throughout the instructional period--no reclining or sleeping in class. Cadets will be courteous to fellow class mates and instructors at all times. Military instructors will be addressed by either their rank or sir. Students will be addressed by either the title of Cadet, their cadet rank or Mr. or Ms. Each student is personally responsible for ALL instruction missed during an absence. Missed test or exams are the responsibility of each cadet to make up no later than ten days after returning from an absence. Cadets missing a scheduled uniform inspection, however, will report in uniform for inspection on the 1st day of JROTC upon returning from an absence. Otherwise the grade of zero will be awarded for the missed work, inspection or test. A high degree of courtesy will be maintained at all times. Hands will be raised for recognition prior to students speaking. Students will not engage in private conversations during instruction or talk when their instructor is speaking. All classes will be dismissed by either the JROTC Instructor or the appointed Class Leader--not school bells or other signals. There will be no consumption of food, beverages, candy or gum at any time during JROTC class or Leadership Laboratories, unless specifically waived by the attending JROTC Instructor.

Infractions of these rules may result in a verbal reprimand, the award of push-ups, the award of demerits which reduce student grades, reduction of Cadet Rank, detention and/or other school disciplinary measures.


Due to the nature of leadership training, JROTC evaluation is conducted through a combination of formal and informal means. Evaluation is structured by a weighted mix of achievement which promotes student success through a methodology of academics, personal conduct, class participation, attitude, and responsibility. Each nine week period is evaluated by the following matrix, with semester grades determined by averaging two nine week periods, the semester exam grade and mandatory event grades. Grades may be improved through the award of merits to cadets for outstanding conduct, actions or achievements.

Student failing to complete mandatory course requirements during the semester in which they are scheduled may receive a failing grade and be dis-enrolled, in spite of otherwise passing academic averages.

Grading Matrix:

Major Events 40%: Tests, Physical Fitness & Uniform Inspections

Minor Events 30%: Quizzes & Homework

Participation 30%: Class Participation & Conduct


Students requiring extra help, academic assistance, or coaching beyond that provided in normal classes may arrange such with LTC Kyles or SFC Scott on Mondays from 4:15-5:15 by appointment with either instructor.


Students or parents may contact JROTC instructors by phone or visits to the school. We strongly welcome interests, participation and questions at any time.

Inquiries or comments can be directed to either LTC Kyles at Memorial High School, ph. 210-444-8315; or via email at

Instructors are routinely available from 7:00AM to 8:00AM and from 4:15PM to 5:15PM daily, or at other times by appointment.